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J. S. (John Samuel) Coffman Papers


Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description



Notebooks and Financial Records

Miscellaneous Materials

Barbara F. Coffman Material for John S. Coffman Biography

Bishop Samuel Coffman (1822-1894) Materials

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J. S. (John Samuel) Coffman Papers, 1861-1964 | Mennonite Church USA Archives

By Colleen McFarland and Theron Schlabach

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Collection Overview

Title: J. S. (John Samuel) Coffman Papers, 1861-1964Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1861-1899

ID: HM1/019

Primary Creator: Coffman, J. S. (John Samuel) (1848-1899)

Extent: 5.2 Linear Feet. More info below.

Arrangement: By series

Date Acquired: 05/11/1950

Subjects: Coffman, John S. (John Samuel), 1848-1899, Evangelistic work, Mennonites - Indiana

Forms of Material: Correspondence, Diaries

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

These personal papers of a late 19th century Mennonite evangelist are divided into five series:

(1) Diaries, 1871-1899

(2) Correspondence, 1866-1901

(3) Notebooks and Financial Records, 1861-1880

(4) Miscellaneous Materials, 1865-1905

(5) Barbara F. Coffman Material for John S. Coffman Biography, 1949-1963

(6) Bishop Samuel Coffman Materials, 1861-1893

Biographical Note

John S. Coffman, pioneer Mennonite (Mennonite Church) evangelist, was born in Rockingham County, Virginia, 16 October 1848, and died in Elkhart, Indiana, 22 July 1899.

John Samuel was the eldest of 12 children born to Samuel and Frances Weaver Coffman. His birth occurred on the J. R. Keagy farm, near Mount Crawford, and he grew to manhood on his father's farm near Dale Enterprise. At the age of 16, Coffman was converted and baptized in Muddy Creek, near the Bank Church. A short time later, to avoid being drafted into the Southern army, he escaped into Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, where he remained until the end of the war.

Coffman's formal education was limited, consisting chiefly of a number of terms in a night school established for the boys of the community by David A. Heatwole. By dint of much reading and private study, he was later able to pass the required examination to secure a teacher's certificate. He spent one term at Bridgewater Normal School in 1875.

On 11 November 1869 Coffman was united in marriage to Elizabeth J. Heatwole, daughter of John G. and Elizabeth Rhodes Heatwole. Seven children were born to them: William, Samuel F., Jacob, Ansel, Fannie, Daniel, and Anna Barbara. The first three years of their married life they were tenants on the Margaret Rhodes farm near Dale Enterprise, after which Coffman purchased a 30-acre farm on Gravelly Hill, at the foot of Mole Hill. In 1874 he began teaching the grade school at Montezuma, where he taught for two winter terms, followed by two terms at Paul Summit.

On 18 July 1875 John S. Coffman was chosen by lot and ordained to the Mennonite ministry at the Bank Church, near Rushville, Virginia. During the next four years hefilled many appointments in Rockingham and Augusta counties and in West Virginia. Being gifted in music, Coffman conducted a number of singing schools in the community, which did much to stimulate four-part singing and instill an appreciation of the better type of church music.

It was on the invitation of John F. Funk, head of the Mennonite Publishing Co., Elkhart, Indiana, that John S. Coffman moved with his family to Elkhart in June 1879. Here he became the assistant editor of the Herald of Truth, contributing many original articles and editorials during the next few years. In 1880 he began to work on material for Sunday schools, and produced a small volume for teachers entitled Infant Lesson Book. A second edition of the work was published in 1891. Later he edited weekly lesson sheets for the Words of Cheer, and from 1890 to 1899 served as editor of the lesson helps which appeared first in monthly editions and then in quarterly form. Other editorial work included collaboration with Funk on the Minister's Manual andConfession of Faith, 1891; and a small booklet, Fundamental Bible References, 1891. He was a member of the committee of five chosen to compile Hymns and Tunes, published in 1890, and following the organization of the Mennonite Book and Tract Society in 1889, Coffman served as tract editor for a number of years, as well as president of the organization.

But it was as evangelist that Coffman made his greatest contribution to the Mennonite Church. Since "protracted" or evangelistic services were generally in disfavor at this time, as savoring too much of aggression, Coffman proceeded with the utmost caution, his natural tact and winning personality being great assets in breaking down barriers and paving the way for the spirit of evangelism characterizing the church of the 20th century. Early in his ministry Coffman became burdened for the welfare of the many small, newly established congregations, frequently found in the western and midwestern states, struggling bravely to compete for the interest of the young people with other large denominations. He was particularly distressed by the number of young people being lost to the church through lack of spiritual encouragement and guidance.

Coffman's first series of evangelistic meetings was held in Kent County, Michigan, in June 1881. By the end of a week nine confessions had been made and the church greatly encouraged. During the next few years many invitations were received from all parts of the church for similar services, and by the end of the century practically every district of the church in the United States and Canada had benefited from his efforts, hundreds of individuals having been brought into church fellowship.

Coffman was a forceful and able speaker, commanding respect and attention from all classes of people. His effort was constantly directed toward building up the church, and major emphasis was placed upon teaching the Word and expounding the peculiar doctrines of the church. He also showed great charity and tact in his fellowship with the Amish congregations found in many Mennonite communities, and assisted in bringing about an amalgamation of a number of Mennonite and Amish congregations.

John S. Coffman was a strong promoter of Sunday schools and young people's meetings. He assisted in the organization of the first Sunday-school conference held in Indiana, October 1892, and encouraged Biblical instruction in the churches in the form of Bible conferences. He was also a prominent figure in promoting missionary activity in the church.

Coffman was one of the earliest church leaders to sense the need of providing a liberal education for young people under the auspices of the church. On the opening of a business and normal school at Elkhart in the fall of 1894 by Dr. H. A. Mumaw, Coffman braved the storm of opposition from church leaders and laity and bent his energies toward supporting the institution. He became the second chairman of the board of trustees of the private organization known as the Elkhart Institute Association, and during the few remaining years of his life gave much of his time to promoting the work of the school, which was the forerunner of Goshen College.

Coffman's death, which occurred at his home in Elkhart at the age of 51, was attributed to a malignnant growth in his stomach from which he had suffered for a number of years. Funeral services were held simultaneously in Elkhart and Virginia, and interment was made in the Prairie Street Cemetery at Elkhart.

Subject/Index Terms

Coffman, John S. (John Samuel), 1848-1899
Evangelistic work
Mennonites - Indiana

Administrative Information

Repository: Mennonite Church USA Archives

Alternate Extent Statement: 10 archives boxes and 1 half archives box

Access Restrictions: These materials are open for public research.

Use Restrictions: Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. Copyright not owned by the Mennonite Church USA Archives.

Acquisition Source: S. F. Coffman and Barbara Coffman, Acc. 61

Preferred Citation: J. S. (John Samuel) Coffman Papers, 1861-1964.  HM1-019.  Mennonite Church USA Archives. Elkhart, Indiana.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Diaries, 1871-1899],
[Series 2: Correspondence, 1866-1901],
[Series 3: Notebooks and Financial Records, 1861-1880],
[Series 4: Miscellaneous Materials, 1865-1905],
[Series 5: Barbara F. Coffman Material for John S. Coffman Biography, 1949-1963],
[Series 6: Bishop Samuel Coffman (1822-1894) Materials, 1861-1893],

Series 4: Miscellaneous Materials, 1865-1905Add to your cart.
Includes Coffman's professional licenses, documents pertaining to his ministry and social relationships, and information regarding his funeral.
Box 8Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Teacher's Licenses, 1872-1873, 1875-1876, 1876-1877Add to your cart.
Official certificates.  The first is dated October 15, 1872 and names an ending date of August 31, 1873.  The second is dated August 31, 1875 and is a "Second Grade Teacher's Certificate" that authorized Coffman's  to teach until July 31, 1876.  The third is a "Teacher's License" dated September 5, 1876 authorizing John S. Coffman to teach until July 3, 1877.  All three apply to schools in Rockingham County, Virginia. The first (1872-1873) is signed by Geo. W. Holland, County Superintendent of Schools and has a penned note saying "Authority to teach as assistant in Fairview School";  the second is signed by county school superintendent Jos. L. Loose, the third by county school superintendent Jasper Weaver.  Penciled on the third are grades (80-98) Coffman had  apparently received in 6 courses, highest in spelling and lowest in history.
Folder 7: Sunday school items, 1880, 1899, 1916Add to your cart.
3 documents:  Handwritten, pencilled minutes of a meeting at home of Henry B. Brenneman to organize or reorganize the Elkhart Sudday school, John F. Funk as president and J. S  Coffman as secretary, February 4, 1880; 16 pp. handwritten, penned manuscript of obviously a Sunday school lesson help, "Lesson I*. - July 2", "written by J. S. Coffman" "1899"; and  printed, 9-page tract-size, staple-bound document "Prairie St. Mennonite Suinday School [photo of the meetinghouse] December Twenty-Fifth ./ 1916", listing officers, teachers, and class member.
Folder 8: Mennonite Evangelizing Board, 1894Add to your cart.

3 items: 

(1) a printed 1-fold sheet (approx. 6x8" when folded), printed, with proceedings of annual  meeting of the Board, at Elkhart, January 17, 1894 (with some prominent names involved), and with the board's consitutiton, adopted at the Salem meetinghouse in Elkhart County, Indiana, January 20, 1892, and revised January 17, 1894.  (2) A letter on the Board's stationery, Samuel S. Herner (a board member) to David Bergey, datelined Mannhem, Ontario, November 15, 1894, informing Bergey that Coffman would be coming to the area apparently in the next few days; and a typed letter on the Board's stationery, by G. L. Bender [George  L. Bender] and A. B. Kolb [Abram B. Kolb] to David Bergey, New Dundee, Ontario, February 7, 1896, concerning efforts from a meeting on December 26, 1895, to incorporate the Board.

Folder 9: Speaking engagements, 1876-May 1899Add to your cart.
About 20 sheets listing appointments with dates in places from Virginia and Pennsylvania to Missouri and Kansas and including Ontario.  Lists are typed, suggesting the compiler was a later researcher, not Coffman himself.
Folder 10: Sermon notes, all or mostly undatedAdd to your cart.

About 10 notes more or less in outline, mostly single-page, often fairly small sheets.  Topics of sermons: Sleep, Woman's Work (lists Biblical women representing work ranging from prophesying to selling purple to exercising power--certainly no suggestion that women should be "barefoot and pregnant!"); Underneath the Ever\lasting Arms; Souls Awakening; Worship God; Reason.  In addition, some small sheets without  real titles.  Largest item has four large closely written sheets, with title "Ordinances and Restricdtions, As Founded in the Word of God", with a note in larger handwriting at end, "These doctrines are more fully considered in the Manual of Bible Doctrines, Published by the Mennonite publishing Co., Elkhart Ind.," surely referring to the book by Daniel Kauffman 1898; interestingly, there document (which is probably in Coffman's handwriting) does not object to putting nonresistance and nonconformity under the heading "Restrictions."

Inexplicably, the folder also has a photocopy of the first page of chapter III of a typed manuscript.  The chapter title is "John S. Coffman, 1848-1899: Life and Work" and the copying includes a folder label indicating it is from the Roy H. Umble collection.

Folder 11: Goshen College "Reflector" (yearbook), 1905Add to your cart.
Unpaginated, 1/4" thick between covers, done nicely on slick paper with quality photographs.  Covers are quality soft paper bound on with tied string and nicely printed and decoarated, indicating "Vol. Two" and "Class of '05".  Amother other features of interest is the attaire: very chaste but not severely plain; few prayer coverings.
Folder 12: Ontario church accessions from Coffman's sermons, 1891-1892Add to your cart.
Six typed sheets of names, listed by district or county.  Often an entry listed both man and wife, as if many who responded to Coffman were already married.  People listed had surnames usual for Mennonites in Ontario.  Lists are on letterhead of Mennonite Historical Society of Onterio and at the end signed by Lorna L. Bergey, surely as compiler.
Folder 13: Wedding and commencement (and a few other) invitations or notices, 1893-1899Add to your cart.
About a dozen intems, including for the following: George L. Bender and Elsie Kolb marriage, 1896; John Horsch/Christine Funck marriage, 1893; Noah E. Byers, Northwestern University commencement, 1898, also marriage to Emma D Le Fevre, 1898.
Folder 14: Sundry documents illustrating intellectual and artistic interests, 1865-1889, 1898, many undatedAdd to your cart.
Varied collection of  printed materials ranging from school text lists to items probably associated with music schools to moralistic tracts.  About a 3/4" stack
Folder 15: Several odd letters and a statement regarding conflicts in congregations (Ohio, Indiana), 1881, 1885, and undatedAdd to your cart.
One pencilled "Statement" giving record of a meet at Holdeman meetinghouse [west of Goshen, Indiana], undated; it indicated Joseph Holdeman "had opposed the proceedings.  Several letters and/or fragments, 1885, from a Jacpb Funk, Ada, Ohio, with rambling and bitter complaints of dispute especially with a Riley Ream and with the church's deacon (unlear whether perhaps Ream was the deacon); these items shows a low level of literacy.
Folder 16: Miscellaneous clippings and other items from public activities, 1870s - 1890, much undatedAdd to your cart.
A nearly 1" stack of various clippings (often multi-page articles), calling cards, and sundry other items.
Folder 17: J. S. Coffman funeral items, July, 1899Add to your cart.
Two items:  A printed greeting-size 1-fold piece done artistically (gold lettering on ivory-colored, raised-design type of heavy paper), with bierth and death dates, poetry, a Bible verse, etc.  A typed (2.6 double-spaced sheets) obituary from Herald of Truth, Vol. 36, p. 237 (1899).

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Diaries, 1871-1899],
[Series 2: Correspondence, 1866-1901],
[Series 3: Notebooks and Financial Records, 1861-1880],
[Series 4: Miscellaneous Materials, 1865-1905],
[Series 5: Barbara F. Coffman Material for John S. Coffman Biography, 1949-1963],
[Series 6: Bishop Samuel Coffman (1822-1894) Materials, 1861-1893],

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